Type 2 diabetes affects about 8% of Americans and another 25% of the population is at risk because of obesity. The condition accounts for as much as 20% of all healthcare costs in the U.S.
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Insulin resistance, in which insulin no longer causes the body's cells to take up the glucose from a meal and use it for energy, leads to Type 2 Diabetes. Following this, glucose continues to circulate in the blood, stimulating the pancreas to make more and more insulin, which eventually becomes so stressful that the insulin-producing cells die. This results in diabetes as the pancreas can no longer produce enough insulin to control blood glucose.
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